Mainstream thinking and history wants us to believe that writing was not invented until around 3200 BC in Mesopotamia (from the Sumerians) and that all other civilizations relied on oral exchange to maintain and transfer knowledge. Furthermore, that the Greeks had to wait for the Phoenicians to start writing until around 800 BC. This interpretation is far from the truth.
Artifacts from Greece that emerged in the 90’s demonstrate that writing was used since 5260 BC. This fascinating discovery should have changed the perceptions about the origin of writing. For some reason this discovery has not received the global coverage it deserves nor is it taught at schools (as far as we know). The Greek government seems to be against Greek heritage and does everything possible to hide groundbreaking historical discoveries or anything that promotes Greece.
In 1993 professor of prehistoric archaeology George Chourmouziadis, discovered a tablet (later known as the Dispilo Tablet) at Dispilo in a Neolithic lake settlement in Northern Greece dating back to 6000 BC near the city of Kastoria. The Dispilo tablet is a wooden tablet preserved from the lakes mud for thousands of years that has unknown written text on it (part of the text is shown in the articles main picture). The form of writing on the Dispilo tablet is not based on ideograms such as depictions of the moon, the sun or animals but on abstract symbols which provides strong evidence of an advanced writing system.
Using reliable dating methods (carbon dating) scientist were able to conclude that it was made in 5260 BC; thus much older than the Sumerian writing system. According to the evidence at hand the Dispilo writing predates the Sumerian writing system by about 2000 years. Also it is probable that this type of writing pre-existed Linear B; a writing system used by the Mycenaean Greeks (1450-1200 BC)
Specimens of writings predating Sumerian and Phoenician writing systems have also been found in a cave in the Greek island of Gioura (near Alonisos). The specimen ( a piece of pottery with writing; see image below) was dated between 5000 and 4500 BC using the dating method of stromatography ( i.e. calculating the approximate date from the layer of soil in which the finding was excavated from). Although it is not the oldest finding it is impressive due to the fact that the writing appears to belong to the Greek alphabet. Furthermore, research shows that the carvings are not decorations and that they were carved on the clay prior to the process of hardening.
The piece of clay depicts the letters Α Υ and Δ. According to some researchers the full word carved was the ancient Greek word ΑΥΔΙ (pronounced aidi) meaning “voice”.
The discoveries at Dispilo (5260BC) and Gioura (4500BC) demonstrate that writing systems existed in Greece for some thousand of years prior to the the established Greek writing systems of Linear A (1800 to 1450 BC) and Linear B (1450-1200BC).
The decipherment of Linear B proves that the language behind this writing system was Greek and not some other language. According to Michael Ventris the man responsible for deciphering Linear B, it is ” a difficult and archaic Greek, but Greek nevertheless” (1). Prior to Ventris, other scholars including the famous archaelogist Arthur Evans had also claimed that Linear B expresses Greek and that Phoenician writing originated from Crete and Mycenae.
History textbooks around the world suggest that the ancient Greeks learned to write around 800 BC from the Phoenicians. The discoveries in Dispilo, Gioura and the proof that Linear B expresses the Greek language demonstrates that populations in Greece and other parts of Europe (such as at the site of Tartaria in Romania) had a writings system that evolved independently and did not originate from the Phoenicians or the Sumerian although it is obvious that due to the commerce civilizations were in contact and could gave adapted their writing systems by replacing and simplifying some symbols.
With all this evidence at hand demonstrating a long writing tradition spanning thousands of years in the past how is it possible to claim that writing was introduced to the Greek language by the Phoenicians around 800 BC?
If the Greeks had to wait for the Phoenicians to learn how to write how is it possible that Greek is the considered by linguists and academics as the richest language in the world? Furthermore how is it possible that the Homeric epics were written about 800 BC and contain such a variety of words and structure? According to linguistic research it would have been unlikely for ancient Greeks to have produced their literature without a history of writing of thousands of years.